Cover – British Discoveries
Sir Alexander Fleming was a Scottish biologist, pharmacologist & botanist. His best-known discoveries are the enzyme lysozyme in 1923 and the antibiotic substance benzylpenicillin (Penicillin G) from the mould Penicillium notatum in 1928, for which he shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology in 1945 with Howard Florey & Ernst Boris Chain. He wrote many articles on bacteriology, immunology, and chemotherapy.
Sir Alexander Fleming Penicillin – In 1928, bacteriologist Alexander Fleming made a chance discovery from an already discarded, contaminated Petri dish. The mold that had contaminated the experiment turned out to contain a powerful antibiotic, penicillin. However, though Fleming was credited with the discovery, it was over a decade before someone else turned penicillin into the miracle drug that has helped save millions of lives
Ernest Lord Rutherford Splitting Atoms
There are few discoveries in science that can be said to have changed the world but one must surely be the ‘splitting of the atom’ by Ernest Rutherford in Manchester.
He was already a notable scientist, winning the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his work on the disintegration of elements and the chemistry of radioactive substances in Canada.