Permanent Pictorial Cancellation – Gol Ghar (Patna) – Bihar – Special Cover
The Golghar or Gol Ghar, (Round house), located to the west of the Gandhi Maidan in Patna is a granary built by Captain John Garstin, in 1786.
The Golghar is a single dome structure is unique and an architectural wonder. It was built to serve as a granary by the British to store grain to be used in times of famines. The base of the building is 125 meters in width and the walls are 3.6 meters thick. There are stairs to go on to the top of the building from where the city and the river Ganga can be viewed.
After the devastating famine of 1770, which killed nearly 10 million people in regions of Bengal, Bihar and modern day Bangladesh, Warren Hastings, then Governor-General of India, ordered the construction of this beehive shaped structure for the purpose of storing grains for the British Army. It was conceived and built by Captain John Garstin, an engineer with the East India Company, and has a storage capacity of 140000 tons, it construction was completed on 20 July 1786. Built in the native Stupa architecture, the building has a foundation of 125m, and a height of 29 m. It is pillarless with a wall of thickness of 3.6 m at the base.
One interesting fact about the Golghar is that never in its existence has it been filled to its maximum capacity and there are no plans in future as well. The reason for this is that due to oversight while designing and construction of the Golghar, the doors were designed to open inside. Thus, if it is filled to its maximum capacity, then the doors will not open. The cancellation depicts Golghar.
Date Of Cancellation:- 05.02.1982.